Simulating Knitted Cloth at the Yarn Level J. Kaldor, D. James, S. Marschner. In Proceedings of SIGGRAPH 2008.
"The properties of knits come from the nonlinear, three-dimensional kinematics of long, inter-looping yarns, and despite significant advances in cloth animation we still do not know how to simulate knitted fabric faithfully.... We define a new computational model for knits in terms of the motion of yarns, rather than the motion of a sheet."
"While modeling yarn curves manually is too complicated for any practical purpose, automatically generating stitch patterns over a surface using modified texturing methods provides no topological guarantee that it will not unravel during simulation.... In this paper we address these challenges by proposing an efficient framework for modeling knitted clothing with realistic yarn-level details."